The Temple of Poseidon
The Temple of Poseidon is situated directly opposite the Resort and is in plain view from several kilometres. Built to honour the ancient god of the sea, the temple dates back to 444-440 BC and was constructed from local white marble in a Doric style. It was the symbol of Athenian power and an important religious and maritime symbol of ancient times – marking both the last sign of civilisation and the first sign of home for generations of Athenian seafarers.
Direct sea access can be gained by anchoring in the small sheltered bay at the foot of the temple's cliffs and then hiking up to the monument. The views of sunset seen through the temple’s ruins are regarded as one of the most celebrated sights in all of Greece.
The Acropolis hill is the jewel in Athens’ – and Greece’s – crown. With the Parthenon temple still standing as its symbol, the Acropolis comprises four ancient buildings on a flat-topped rock, which rises 150 m (490 ft) above sea level. The Parthenon was built between 447and 432 BC and most of the artefacts from the temple can be seen today in the nearby Acropolis museum.
The theatres of Dionysus and Odeon of Herod Atticus
Just below the Acropolis hill are two ancient theatres – the Dionysus and Odeon of Herod Atticus. Built in the fourth century BC, the Theatre of Dionysus is the oldest surviving Greek theatre and once hosted the plays of Euripides, Aristophanes, Sophocles and Aesculus.
The Ancient Agora
At the foot of the Acropolis lies the Ancient Agora, the commercial and public centre of ancient Athens. During the classical age, both Sophocles and Aristotle taught there. Thesseion, one of the most intact of the ancient Greek temples, is located at one end of the Ancient Agora. It was first built in 450 B.C.
OTHER HISTORICAL SITES
- Philopappou hill
- Roman Agora
- Keramikos Cemetery
- Hadrian’s Arch
- Tower of the Winds, Roman Agora, Plaka
- Temple of Olympian Zeus