Stagira and Aristotle’s statue
The philosopher Aristotle was born in ancient Stagira. Stagira is the center of a large mining region that since 500 BC to the present day it has given wealth and power to emperors, kings, sultans and companies. Mahalas from the sultans’ Mademohoria was the basis of the only free Commonwealth of 12 large villages and above 100 settlements. Important Byzantine buildings are saved in Stagira, as well as the castle of Madem Emin, master of the sultan in the area. The castle has a dominant presence in the forests of the Stratonic Mount and in the impressive Strymonic gulf and the gulf of Ierissos.
Kallithea constitutes an attraction of thousands of visitors not only because of its wonderful beaches but also because of the important archeological finds that have come to light after archeological research made on the village’s beach. Some of these archeological discoveries are the Temple of Zeus Ammon (a sanctuary of Dorian order that was constructed at the 4th century BC), as well as some architectural parts belonging to an Old Christian basilica. There is also the small more recent chapel of Agios Panteleimon, which exhibits many interesting murals.
Olynthos is a flat region located in South Chalkidiki and it is 24km away from Poligiros. It constitutes the Historical Capital of the Municipality of Poligiros. Tradition has it that the foundation of the city and its name originate from Olynthos, son of the river God Strimona, while Irodotos mentions that it was conquered by Vottieous from Imathia during the 7th century BC, when after their persecution by the Macedonians they came to Chalkidiki and settled at the Southern hill. The sights of the area are of paramount importance. They are the archeological area of Olynthos with the Byzantine monuments.
IMPORTANT MUSEUMS IN CHALKIDIKI
- Folklore Museum at Athitos
- History & Folklore Museum at Arnaia
- Folklore Museum at Poligiros
- Archaeological Museum at Olynthos
- Christian Halkidiki Exhibition at Ouranoupoli
- Anthropological Museum at Petralona
- Archaeological Museum at Petralona
- Folklore Collection at Vavdos