Delos Island was the refuge where Leto gave birth to Apollo and Artemis, while being chased by the jealous Zeus. The island was first settled, probably by the Kares, about the 3rd millennium B.C. In the beginning of the 8th century B.C., it developed into a center of worship and was the capital city of an amphictyony of Aegean island. As a result of the second purification (426 B.C.), the entire contents of all the islands graves were removed to neighbouring Rhenia. Afterwards, in order to prevent desecration of the sanctuary, both births and deaths were forbidden on the island of Apollo. Delos achieved its independence and developed commercially. During the Roman period, the island thrived, until 88 B.C., the population in Italians. Then, after two dreadful attacks during the Mithridatic War, Delos went into decline and was finally abandoned in the 6th century A.D.
The Archaeological Museum
Located alongside the harbour excavation of the “Pit of Purification” (dating from the 5th century B.C.) and the necropolis of Rhenia. There is a large collection of vessels especially represented of Cycladic ceramics dating from the Geometric period until the 6th cent. B.C. Also, on exhibit, there are wonderful black figure and red figure pottery and diverse finds, including Hellenistic period gravestones and other sculpture. Among the finds from Mykonos, especially impressive is the “Pithos of Mykonos”: a large jar, (made in a workshop on Tinos the 7th cent. B.C.) richly decorated with bas – relief zones of bas-relief depicting various scenes from the Trojan War (the central composition shows Achaean warriors with the Trojan Horse). Open 8:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., daily except Monday and major public holidays.
The Folklore Museum
The Folklore Museum is located in an old, two-storey, captain’s house in close distance from the proud Paraportiani church. There are six main exhibition halls whith house collections of antique furniture, Byzantine icons, Folklor ceramics, historical commemorative plates, decorative prints and gravures, as well as embroidered and hard-woven fabrics, locks and keys, weights and measures, a lovely collection of model boats, and other historical artefacts. There are also import archives of manuscripts and printed material, photographs, maps and a significant library. Open from April to October 4:30 to 8:30 p.m. daily except Sundays.
Lena's House is an elegant re-creation of a 19th-century Mykonian residence, close to the Three Wells.
The Monastery of Panaghia Tourliani at Ano Mera
It can be visited by prior arrangement. At the Mono Ena gallery and shop in Little Venice, Marina Petri organises readings, cultural events, and exhibitions of contemporary art.
The Agricultural Museum
Housed in a restored windmill with a wonderful view over the town. Don't miss the Panegyri of Trygos, held here on the second Sunday in September.